Persians have held very high regard for gardens for thousands of years. The remnants of the Pasargad garden 550 BC and artefacts such as this old Bakhtiari carpet (circa the 1930s) demonstrate the weaver's historical and cultural adoration for gardens.
The weaver of this rug has created her idea of a garden by depicting multiple forms of trees and flowers within orderly square fields, among which the weeping willows are the most notable. The cypress tree in Persian literature is often a metaphor for the beautiful figure of the beloved, and the weeping willow is the same for the charm of her/his hair.
The artist has depicted both trees, among many other flowers, in stylised forms. Such rugs are often a labour of love that the young girls weave as their dowry. The Bakhtiari weaver of this rug has used the best quality wool and all-natural dyes and, as it was customary among her people, created the pattern and mix of colours entirely by heart and as she has made the knots.
Wool pile on Cotton foundation | Natural dyes | Circa 1920s